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Facts You Should Know About Hemophilia



Facts You Should Know About Hemophilia

There are many different blood disorders that impact the blood’s ability to function properly, and one of them is called hemophilia. This is a genetic disorder that prevents the blood from clotting normally. Though it is rare and there isn’t an exact number of Americans who have it, it’s estimated that 400,000 people1 around the world are living with hemophilia. This disease can’t be prevented and there is no cure, making it a lifelong condition people must learn how to manage.

It’s especially important for parents to recognize the symptoms of hemophilia since it’s normally diagnosed to babies as young as 36 months. It’s also possible for someone to develop life-threatening complications if their condition is not managed properly.

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Here are the facts you should know about hemophilia.

Hemophilia Is A Rare Blood Disorder

Hemophilia is a rare disorder2 that prevents the blood from clotting normally, usually because it lacks certain blood-clotting proteins. People with hemophilia might bleed longer after an injury than is typical, but that is on the less severe end of the spectrum.

A severe deficiency of the blood clotting proteins could make hemophilia life threatening. It may lead to internal bleeding that can start in the knees, ankles or elbows and damage your organs and tissues. Simply getting a bump in the head could turn into a brain bleed for those with a severe diagnosis.

There are different types of hemophilia. Two of the most common are:

  • Hemophilia A (Classic Hemophilia)
  • Hemophilia B (Christmas Disease)

Both are caused by deficiency factors. Hemophilia A occurs in about one in 5,0003 male births. Hemophilia B affects one in 25,000 males, making it less common. Due to the genetic mutation involving genes and chromosomes, this disease is more commonly diagnosed in males.

This is because men are more likely to inherit a mutant gene from their parents and can only inherit one X chromosome from their parents rather than two copies that females inherit. Though this is a genetic disorder, it’s possible for someone to be diagnosed with hemophilia without a family history. In fact, one third4 of babies diagnosed with hemophilia have no other family members with the disorder.

Doctors will classify a patient’s clotting factors as mild, moderate or severe. Healthy people have a clotting factor of 50 to 100 percent, whereas those with mild hemophilia have a clotting factor between five and 50 percent. Moderate hemophilia clotting factor is between one and five percent, and the most severe hemophilia patients are at less than one percent.5

It Causes Internal And External Bleeding

The symptoms of hemophilia can be more or less severe depending on a person’s condition. There are also slight differences between symptoms based on the type of hemophilia a person is diagnosed with.

You might be able to recognize signs of hemophilia based on visible symptoms.6 This includes:

  • Blood in the urine or stool
  • Deep, large or unexplained bruises
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Bleeding gums
  • Irritability (in children)
  • Vomiting

However, some symptoms7 might be more internal and less obvious. A person with hemophilia could also experience:

  • Bleeding into the joints (knees, elbows, ankles) which can lead to swelling and pain
  • Hematomas
  • Bleeding into the skin, muscle or soft tissue
  • Brain bleeding
  • Bleeding in the mouth or gums
  • Severe headaches or sleepiness
  • Blurred or double vision

Some of these symptoms are potentially life-threatening, and you should seek immediate medical help if you experience them. There are treatments available that can help people manage their symptoms and live normally.

Fetuses, Children And Adults Can Be Diagnosed With Hemophilia

There are a number of ways doctors can diagnose hemophilia. They might start by exploring a patient’s family history to see if anyone has been previously diagnosed. From there, a number of screening tests8 can reveal whether a person has clotting-factor deficiency. This includes a complete blood count, activated partial thromboplastin time test, prothrombin time test, and a fibrinogen test.

More severe conditions will typically be diagnosed within the first year of life. It’s also possible for pregnant women to get their unborn baby tested for hemophilia. Doctors can perform a chorionic villus sampling at nine to 11 weeks, or through a fetal blood sampling when the fetus is at least 18 weeks old.9

People Can Live With Hemophilia

There is nothing you can do to prevent hemophilia, but you can live a normal life if diagnosed with it. The severity of your condition will ultimately determine the type of treatment you’re given and when it’s necessary to seek immediate medical help.

Three types10 of treatments include:

  • Receiving clotting factors replacement therapy
  • Medication
  • Treatment for bleeding and other problems associated with hemophilia

It’s important to see your doctor if you or your children are regularly experiencing symptoms. The sooner you’re able to get a diagnosis, the sooner you’ll be able to begin treatment and manage the condition.

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The Benefits of a Nose Filler Procedure




The Benefits of a Nose Filler Procedure

Reshaping the nose is a popular cosmetic procedure. Have you wondered if it could be right for you? If so, is it important to consider the benefits of a nose filler procedure? Nose fillers have gained popularity because of said benefits. Many consider the procedure to be a low risk when it comes to the results and the cost.

Injection of a nose filler can augment the natural shape of the nose. The most common areas that are reshaped include the bridge and tip of the nose. Filler injections change the shape of the nose and the appearance of the face.

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This treatment can:

  • Help correct noses that appear asymmetrical;
  • Smooth bumps on the nose’s bridge;
  • Add height to a low nasal bridge, and;
  • Create the illusion of a lifted nasal tip.

The Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons says nose fillers are a valuable tool. Some physicians also use fillers to correct defects after unsuccessful surgery.1

There are several benefits of a nose filler procedure. Some consider the treatment safer, cheaper, and less invasive than surgery. If you have been wondering about the benefits of a nose filler procedure, you have come to the right place.

Temporary Results

Nose filler injections offer a temporary change. Rather than a permanent procedure, injections allow individuals an opportunity to adjust. The filler effects will wear off. As such, the procedure gives patients time to decide if altering their nose is what they want.

The alternative nose augmentation, surgical rhinoplasty, is irreversible. Surgery alters the natural appearance. And it is almost impossible to return the original shape and size.

The effects of nose filler injections vary. They may last three or four months all the way up to two or three years. Over time, the injection dissolves and disappears. Some individuals choose repeat injections to maintain their look.

In some cases, a doctor can administer an injection to reverse the procedure. A product called hyaluronidase can reverse hyaluronic acid’s filling effects if there are complications.2

Fewer Side Effects

The nose filler procedure is safe and effective. The human body produces hyaluronic acid in the skin, connective tissue, and some organs.

There are few side effects associated with filler injections. Allergic reactions are rare.

The most common side effects include:

  • Injection site swelling;
  • Redness;
  • Soreness, and;
  • Mild bruising.

Furthermore, these signs go away quickly on their own.3

No Scarring

A surgical nose augmentation requires incisions that result in scars. One benefit of the non-surgical nose filler technique is there are no incisions or scars.

Physicians inject fillers using tiny needles. The small pinpoint marks they leave behind go away within a day, leaving no sign of an alteration.

Conversely, a surgical rhinoplasty requires sutures and splints in the nose. The procedure can be painful and leave a mark.

No Downtime

A benefit of nose filler injections is no downtime. Recovery time for a nose filler procedure is only one to two days. As such, individuals can usually return to their normal routines and social interactions right away.

Short recovery is a great advantage because a regular nose surgery requires up to two weeks of downtime. Besides requiring rest and recovery, surgery causes swelling and bruising. Often the signs are very obvious.

Many may decline surgery because they worry about how they will look during a long recovery.

Less Expensive

Cosmetic procedures are costly. However, a nose filler procedure is considered to be an inexpensive alternative to other nose augmentation procedures.

The cost of a nose filler procedure varies. Factors that affect the price include where and how the service is performed. Plastic surgeons may cost more than dermatologists performing the procedure. Also, the amount of filler and the brand you choose will affect the cost as well.

The current average cost is $650 per syringe for a one-year filler and $900 for one that lasts two years. Most health insurances do not cover injectable fillers because they are not medically necessary.4


Non-invasive refers to a procedure that uses specialized tools to avoid breaking or cutting the skin and other tissues to enter the body.5

Nose fillers use fine needles to make small injections without significantly opening the site. These types of augmentation are preferred because there is less risk for infection or injury to the nerves or injuries at the site.

Quick Procedure

Another benefit of the nose filler procedure is that it is convenient. The procedure only takes about 15 minutes.6

Specially trained doctors can perform treatments in their office and patients can leave the same day with little recovery. Patients remain awake during the procedure and anesthesia is not required.

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The Signs and Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis




The Signs and Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis

You may know about psoriasis, a skin condition that causes uncomfortable, unpleasant symptoms like itchy, scaly plaques and patches. But psoriatic arthritis (PsA), a condition that’s closely related to psoriasis, is lesser-known. While 7.5 million Americans are currently living with psoriasis, just 30 percent of those people will develop psoriatic arthritis¹. And when you develop PsA, your psoriasis suddenly begins causing painful swelling and inflammation in your joints. If you’re looking to learn more about psoriatic arthritis, search online.

Anyone can develop psoriatic arthritis – but if you already have psoriasis, you’re a very likely candidate. That’s why it’s so important to know the signs and symptoms of PsA. You can learn more by searching online.

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What is Psoriatic Arthritis?

Psoriatic arthritis is like many other forms of arthritis. It’s centered in the joints and anywhere tendons and ligaments connect to bone². PsA is a chronic, inflammatory disease, and it currently has no cure. If left untreated and unmanaged, it can lead to comorbidities – more serious health conditions related to PsA.

PsA can affect anyone at any age. However, those who have psoriasis are the most likely to fall victim to the disease.

When psoriatic arthritis appears, it typically falls into one of five types³:

  • Symmetric PsA, which affects the same joints on both sides of the body.
  • Asymmetric PsA, which affects joints on one side of the body.
  • Distal Interphalangeal Predominant PsA, which affects the distal joints on your fingers.
  • Spondylitis PsA, which affects part of the spine or the entire spine.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis Mutilans, which affects the hands and feet.

While some types of PsA are mild, like symmetric and asymmetric PsA, others can be more serious and significant, like Psoriatic Arthritis Mutilans. It’s important to check with your doctor if you’re experiencing any type of joint pain that might be arthritis. You can search online to find PsA doctors in your area.

Who’s At Risk for Psoriatic Arthritis?

Psoriatic arthritis can affect anyone, but certain people are more at risk for this disease than others. It typically only appears in those who’ve already been diagnosed with psoriasis – it generally shows up within 10 years of your psoriasis developing. But in some cases, PsA can actually appear before psoriasis ever presents any symptoms.

Typically, psoriatic arthritis appears in individuals who are between 30 and 50 years old⁴. However, it can appear in children. Men and women have an equal risk of developing PsA.

Additionally, your family history plays a role. If anyone closely related to you, such as having a sibling or parent, has PsA, you’re more likely to develop it yourself.

The Most Common Signs and Symptoms

Wondering what psoriatic arthritis looks and feels like? Well, it’s pretty similar to other types of arthritis.

Like other types of arthritis, PsA can affect joints anywhere in the body. It can affect just one side or both sides; it can affect a single joint or multiple joints. And it can vary significantly in its severity, causing symptoms that are mild and easily managed or completely debilitating.

The symptoms of PsA are the most similar to those of rheumatoid arthritis⁵. Both of these diseases cause pain in the joints, and the affected joints can become swollen and warm to the touch.

But PsA can also cause its own individual symptoms. These can include⁶:

  • Swollen fingers and toes.
  • Swelling and deformities in the hands and feet (sometimes without joint pain).
  • Foot pain, particularly where tendons and ligaments attach.
  • Lower back pain.

Because psoriatic arthritis is a chronic disease, it does worsen over time. So, if you start experiencing symptoms, they will likely get increasingly more painful and problematic. Additionally, symptoms can come and go. Both psoriasis and PsA can enter remission, or periods where symptoms improve or seem to disappear. Then, during flares, those symptoms can return or worsen.

To ensure you’re getting treatment for your symptoms, make sure to see a doctor as soon as you first experience joint pain. Search online to find experienced PsA doctors in your area.

How Psoriatic Arthritis is Treated

Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic condition with no cure. But that doesn’t mean you have to sit idly by while your joints – and your pain – worsen over time. There are plenty of treatment options available for PsA sufferers.

Treatments for PsA target the symptoms of the disease. The available treatment options range from oral medications to biologic therapies, which are typically injected. All of these treatments work to reduce inflammation and swelling, slow joint damage, and combat your most concerning and discomforting symptoms.

In order to get the latest and greatest treatments for PsA, you’ll want to see a rheumatologist. These doctors are specialists who treat all types of arthritis and related conditions, and they’re often experts in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. A rheumatologist can help you get the treatment you need and help you discover your available treatment options.

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5 Workout Apps That Make Exercising At Home Easy




5 Workout Apps That Make Exercising At Home Easy

Whether you’re working hard to get fit or are starting a new, regular exercise routine, fitting fitness classes into your life can be challenging. You need access to a gym, the knowledge and experience of a personal trainer, and the dedication to stick with your workouts. And that’s a big investment all around – one that not every wants to make. Fortunately, with today’s technology and innovation, there are other options.

You no longer need to hit the gym in order to get a great, effective workout in. All you need is a smartphone. Workout experts, personal trainers, and even fitness gurus are turning their routines into apps and online videos. And with a single fitness app, you can work out right at home.

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From personalized fitness plans to weekly workout challenges, you can get fit, build strength, and tone up in your living room. Check out these five apps, all of which make at-home workouts incredibly easy and accessible.

1. Active by PopSugar

Available On: Apple App Store, Google Play, Apple TV, Chromecast, and Roku

Price: Currently free. A monthly subscription price hasn’t yet been determined, but customers will be notified when the app switches from free to paid¹.

Types of Workouts:

  • Boxing
  • Dance
  • High intensity
  • Low impact
  • Pilates
  • Strength and toning
  • Yoga

Why It’s Great: Active by PopSugar offers more than 500 different workouts right in the app – and new workouts are added every month². There’s truly something for everyone, whether you’re a beginner, a dancer, or a high-intensity fan. All workouts are taught by fitness experts, and you can challenge yourself beyond regular videos by participating in curated multi-week challenges. No workout lasts longer than 45 minutes, and you can mix and match workouts to target different areas of the body or muscle groups.

2. Freeletics Body Weight

Available On: Apple App Store and Google Play

Price: Free to download. Access to the workout videos costs $34.99 per month³.

Types of Workouts: All Freeletics workouts are focused on strength training via bodyweight exercises, so you don’t need any equipment. If you’d like, you can add weights for increased resistance or a new challenge, but it’s entirely up to you.

Why It’s Great: Freeletics Body Weight is the perfect way to get fit and toned at home. You don’t need a single piece of equipment. In fact, you don’t even need much space. Each workout lasts from 10 to 30 minutes, with a virtual coach guiding you through each move, fitness tests to assess your level, and timers to keep you on track. If you live in a small space, the Freeletics app offers a “2×2” mode, which is a selection of workouts all designed for spaces of just two meters by two meters (or 6.5 feet by 6.5 feet).

3. Studio Tone It Up

Available On: Apple App Store, Google Play, and

Price: New users can start with a limited free trial. After the free trial ends, access to the app’s workout videos costs $12.99 per month⁴.

Types of Workouts: Studio Tone It Up workouts are primarily focused on strength training, but there’s a lot of variety you can try if you choose. There are workouts based on kickboxing, barre, HIIT, yoga, and even pregnancy and post-pregnancy. You can also access meditation videos if you’d like to try an “inner” workout.

Why It’s Great: Studio Tone It Up offers something for every kind of fitness enthusiast. There’s a wide variety of classes, but the overall goal of each workout is to tone your muscles and increase strength. In the app, you’ll have access to workout videos, can connect with other members to find accountability partners, and can participate in live videos if you’d like. Studio Tone It Up functions kind of like a traditional fitness class – you can either work out on demand or “sign up” for the workouts you’d like to do, then get a reminder to join live when class begins.

4. Asics Studio

Available On: Apple App Store and Google Play

Price: Starts at $14.99 per month⁵. Subscription prices can vary depending on what you choose.

Types of Workouts: Asics Studio features primarily strength training workouts, but cardio workouts are also available. The cardio workouts do require a treadmill or elliptical machine.

Why It’s Great: Asics is a familiar name in workout apparel – but the Asics Studio app is an entirely new adventure. In the app, you can watch or download different workout videos, all of which are led by different trainers and accompanied by a music playlist. But here’s what makes these workouts different from all others: they’re audio-only. You won’t have any visual cues, but you can easily exercise and move freely without having to be glued to your smartphone or another screen.

5. The Be.Come Project

Available On: Apple App Store, Google Play, and

Price: Free to download. Access to workouts costs $35 per month⁶.

Types of Workouts: Varied. Each week, Bethany Meyers creates a new workout routine and regimen, so exercises and types of workouts change often.

Why It’s Great: While plenty of other fitness apps focus solely on working out, The Be.Come Project has a different focus. Video workouts are central to the app – but so is body positivity and a positive mindset. Before you can “unlock” the day’s workout, you’ll be asked how you’re feeling. Once a workout is finished, you’ll answer the same question. With regular use, this workout app is meant to help you build confidence and a positive mindset.

How to Find Even More Easy At-Home Workouts

No matter your fitness level or expertise, new workout apps are making it incredibly easy to exercise right at home. Now, there’s little need for an expensive gym membership – or even a personal trainer. Apps can provide you with everything you need, from instruction to equipment- and machine-free fitness.

And if you’re still searching for the perfect workout app, you can browse your app store of choice. Increasingly more fitness pros are taking their business online and right to your smartphone. You can search for workout apps, including free options, and try the ones you’re interested in. You might even find a new favorite way to exercise at home.

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